Stenbock's ramparts
embankments and readoubts built in the beginning of the 18th century as a defence against danish invasion. Between Sjöbobadet and Barsebäckshamn is a track along the coastline that pass the Stenbocksvallar.

February 24, 2021: Stenbock's ramparts, the northern part
Park in the parking lot to Sjöbobadet north of Barsebäckshamn. It is not bathing season so the parking lot is almost empty. Goes through the angular passage that leads out into the field with the ramparts. So this time of the year no cattle graze here. Here is the northern part of the ramparts that were built in the 1710s, beginning in 1711 when Magnus Stenbock was governor of Scania, as a defense against a Danish invasion that did not happen. They are part of several places with fortifications, popularly Charles XII's strongholds, between Mölle and Höllviken. In the middle of the field is a fort. A square fortification with ramparts and moat. From where you could shoot in all directions. Towards land is an opening in the rampart. Beyond the fort is a high Bronze Age tomb. Before the precipice towards the sea runs a meter-high embankment, with a protruding bastion in the middle. Now the ramparts are located in a pasture and as a beautiful excursion destination on the coast. Children play up on the rampart. Strollers pass with dogs. From the Bronze Age burial mound is a good view of the fort and the sea. Go on the embankment south to the angular passage at Teglvik. Go from there north on the path towards the precipice to the sea. At a fort from World War II we go down to the beach. Continue on the stony shore to the stone pier that extends into the sea, below another fort from World War II that lies on a Bronze Age burial mound. Have lunch by the pier with a view of the bathing area to the north. Goes up the fort on the burial mound. From here you have a view of the sea and the ramparts. Goes through the angled passage towards the fort into the pasture and back to the parking lot.

October 12, 2020: Stenbock's ramparts, the southern part
Park at the entrance to Barsebäckshamn. Go down to the harbor pier and follow the walk north. After the village, there is a path along the coast, part of Skåneleden. Geese can be seen at sea, think they are Canada goose. Towards land you come to a pasture. Inside is the southern part of what is called Stenbock embankments. Here is an embankmnet about a meter high. In the southern part of it there is a fort from the Per-Albin line. North of the embankment there is a redoubt, square with a moat around and an opening to the east towards land. A fortification system from the early 18th century when Magnus Stenbock was governor of Skåne.

An angular passage at a Per-Albin fort leads into the pasture. Walk into the pasture to the redoubt. From the crest of the redoubt you can see over the sea. Below ruminants cows they look lazily wondering at me. The redoubt is not that high, today it would not protect anyone standing inside it. Continue down to the embankment that runs south. On it stands a lone windswept tree. Follow the embankment to the fort. Up on the fort you can see the redoubt and the northern part of Stenbocksvallar. Walk back to the angular passage and up to the fort there, from there a low embankment runs north.

Return to the path and continues north. Comes to a passage that enters the pasture. Here, too, a low embankment can be seen. Go in to look at the bronzeage burial mounds that lie here. See only two clearly, should be more, do not want to walk around too much. Cows think the mounds are theirs. Continues past Tegelvik to the northern part of Stenbocksvallar. Here is a picnic table, sit down and drink our coffee. Nice view of the sea. Towards land, at a passage, lies a large redoubt. We do not go in today, have been there many years ago (see below), but turn around.

GPS: WGS84 decimal (lat, lon) 55.76271, 12.909783

12 August 2020: Redoubt in Barsebäckshamn
A beautiful day. A nice swim in Barsebäckshamn. Then walk the coastal road south past beautiful houses. At the end of the road is a redoubt. It was built as part of a line of defense in the 1720s. North of Barsebäckshamn are more remnants of this line Stenbocksvallar as it is called. See further down about a previous visit there. Here in southern Barsebäckshamn is a remnant of a redoubt. An approximately 2 meter high almost square 26x30 meter embankment with an opening to the east and a hint of a moat. Next door is a fort from the Per Albin line from the Second World War. The decommissioned nuclear power plant remains. Cormorants rest on rocks in the sea. The Öresund Bridge can be seen even further away. In the north, two large cruise ships can be seen, they are refueled and will later be laid at the quay in Copenhagen. In pandemic times, no one wants to go on a cruise. You can sit at a picnic table to take it easy for a while. Joggers pass. We go to the harbor tavern and eat ice cream.

GPS: WGS84 decimal (lat, lon) 55.75133, 12.902091

20 February 2011: Stenbocksvallar, north part
Shortly before Barsebäckshamn is a coastal road going north. After a short distance one come to Barsebäcks Saltsjöbad, or Barseback beach, also known as the Sjöbo bath. For the bathing beach, there is also a conference facilities, is a parking lot which I use. A stile takes me in to the pasture. In there lies a redoubt with a moat, along the coast runs a meter-high rampart. The redoubt was for the artillery and troops. The ramparts was built in the 1710s, when Magnus Stenbock was the governor of Scania, hence the name Stenbock's ramparts. They were built as defense against a new invasion from Denmark. Stenbock's army had in the Battle of Helsingborg in 1710 held back a Danish attempt to reconquer Scania. Around the redoubt is today a frozen moat. From the redoubt, I see the sea, and to the northwest, is a burial mound with a defensive bunker from World War II. Just south of the redoubt is an old monument, a grave-mound. I follow the embankment to the south a few hundred meters, it ends at a stile at some houses. Continuing south, you can continue on to Barsebäckshamn.

I return along the embankment. On the coastal side of the embankment is a footpath. Halfway along the embankment is a bulge, a bastion from which one could shoot parallell to the coast. Below the bastion is a picnic table. When I look towards the sea I look out over the beach, a large stone, and a stone pier. I walk up on the fort from World War II, on the stone pier and the ice below the fort is people walking. I go out on the pier. Swell makes the ice to rise and fall, there is a low whimper from the ice. I sit on the shore at the large stone and drink my coffee.

GPS: WGS84 decimal (lat, lon) 55.767605, 12.919321

9 September 2007: Stenbocksvallar, north part
I walk the trail north along the coast from Barsebäckshamn. In some places stands reeds. It is blowing fresh. The trail passes by the houses in Tegelvik. On the meadows are several Bronze Age burial mounds. Coming up to the Stenbock's ramparts, built in the 1710s as defense against invasion. Below is a pebbly beach, but one can with some good will to take a dip there. Inside lies a redoubt. To the north is a nice and shallow popular swimming spot. I go out on a stone pier, which I think does not belong to the defense establishment, and drink my coffee.

GPS: WGS84 decimal (lat, lon) 55.767605, 12.919321